Your browser does not support the audio element. Melin Bompren Corn Mill. A 2-storeyed water mill built in , and typical of hundreds of mills in Wales built to convert corn to flour. A sluice at the head of the millpond, operated by a lever inside the mill, controls the release of water into a wooden trough and onto the overshot cast iron waterwheel. The axle from the waterwheel enters the mill through an opening in the wall. Inside, the axle supports a large iron pit-wheel which turns at the same speed and in the same plane as the water wheel outside.
Dinas Powys: Wikis
Short breaks and flexible start dates. Both have comfortable living space, well equipped kitchen and en suite shower rooms. Situated above the small town of North Tawton, with stunning views of Dartmoor, Burton Hall is a grade 2 listed wooden house imported from Norway in The Cabin has its own private garden and the East Wing has its own seating area within the main garden.
Both enjoy the views across the garden. There are several circular walks on public rights of way across beautiful Devon countryside on the doorstep, including the Tarka Trail.
ewenny pottery. carries the incised ewenny pottery maker’s mark on the base (see photograph). lovely marbled. marbled in light blue on a black background.
Norman invasion of Wales and Wales in the Late Middle Ages The southern and eastern parts of Great Britain lost to English settlement became known in Welsh as Lloegyr Modern Welsh Lloegr , which may have referred to the kingdom of Mercia originally and which came to refer to England as a whole. His sons, in turn, would found three principal dynasties Aberffraw for Gwynedd, Dinefwr for Deheubarth and Mathrafal for Powys. Rhodri’s grandson Hywel Dda r. Maredudd’s great-grandson through his daughter Princess Angharad Gruffydd ap Llywelyn r.
Historian John Davies states that Gruffydd was “the only Welsh king ever to rule over the entire territory of Wales Thus, from about until his death in , the whole of Wales recognised the kingship of Gruffydd ap Llywelyn. For about seven brief years, Wales was one, under one ruler, a feat with neither precedent nor successor. The frontier region, and any English-held lordships in Wales, became known as Marchia Wallie, the Welsh Marches , in which the Marcher Lords were subject to neither English nor Welsh law.
With Llywelyn’s death and his brother prince Dafydd ‘s execution, the few remaining Welsh lords did homage for their lands to Edward I. The king ruled directly in two areas:
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Saint Paul Aurelian was born in Glamorgan in the 6th century. The name Morgannwg or Glamorgan ‘territory of Morgan’ reputedly derives from the 8th-century king Morgan ab Athrwys, otherwise known as “Morgan Mwynfawr” ‘great in riches’ who united Glywysing with the neighbouring kingdoms of Gwent and Ergyng , although some have argued for the similar 10th-century ruler Morgan Hen.
All that remains of these fortifications are foundations that leave archaeological evidence of their existence, though many were built upon to create more permanent defensive structures. The earliest surviving structures within the region are early stone monuments, waypoints and grave markers dating between the 5th and 7th century, with many being moved from their original position to sheltered locations for protection.
The lowlands of the Lordship of Glamorgan were manorialized, while much of the sparsely populated uplands were left under Welsh control until the late 13th century.
Saturday, May 22nd, PGA 21 4 , – Saturday, June 22nd, PGA 26 5 , – Papers of the Corps of Royal Engineers, ser. George Eyre and Andrew Strahan: III and 47 Geo. III; and of rock salt under 36 Geo. Act of Parliament Coal Mines Act. Act of Parliament Quarries Act,
Kenfig – The Complete History (e-Resource)
Chance finds and burials along Hereford road indicate possible settlement location. Unpublished, but a plan was deposited at NMGW. Field visit in identified a third possible structure not seen on aerial photos.
Ewenny pottery flowerpot and Saucer both dated made by Edwin Jenkins. in Pottery, Porcelain & Glass, Pottery, Welsh Pottery Welsh Flower Pots Dating .
Moriah Chapel, Kenfig Hill c. In there was a 6 month coal stike which was only brought to a halt when the miners were literally starved back to work. The game of Rugby Football proved a welcome respite from such problems and by the end of the 19th century it occupied in inductrial Wales the same position as Associated Football did in indutrial England.
An official Cornelly Rugby Football Club was founded c. They played their home matches on a field also situated along Stormy Road called “Cae Eithyn” or “The Gorse Field” which was an apt description of the area. It was said that a converted player stood in one of the local chapels at Kenfig Hill and cried “I used to play full back for the devil, but now I’m forward for God.
It was the custom of many teams of the early ‘s to have their Head Quarters established at a local hostelry. National Coal Strike – During the early months of there was a National Coal Strike when mines came out for a minimum wage.
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Background[ edit ] The village of Ewenny is sited above all of the natural resources to make the local red earthenware pottery: Since , there have been fifteen potteries in the Ewenny area at one time or another, all small family concerns. In the early s Evan Jenkins married Mary, the daughter of then owner John Morgan, and so started the Jenkins family period of ownership that continues to this present day.
Our pottery shop adjoins our workshop at Ewenny. Sorry we do not mail order.
Climate fluctuation caused the formation, disappearance and re-formation of glaciers , which in turn, caused sea levels to rise and fall. At various times life has flourished, and the area is likely to have been completely uninhabitable. Evidence of the presence of Neanderthals has been discovered on the Gower Peninsular.
Whether they remained in the area during periods of extreme cold is unclear. The ‘lady’ has been radiocarbon dated to c. Archaeologist Stephen Aldhouse-Green notes that while Wales has a “multitude” of Mesolithic sites, their settlements were “focused on the coastal plains”, the uplands were “exploited only by specialist hunting groups”. They cleared the forests to establish pasture and to cultivate the land and developed new technologies such as ceramics and textile production.
Nineteen Neolithic chambered tombs or long barrows and five possible henges have been identified in Glamorgan. Two major groups of Neolithic architectural traditions are represented in the area:
The most ancient artifact found in the Dinas Powys area is a Neolithic stone age axe-head, which was discovered by P. Brooks in and is now displayed in the National Museum Cardiff. The village features the substantial remains of a Norman castle and the adjacent Cwm Gorge was the site of the celtic hill fort from which the village apparently takes its name. The hill fort site was excavated in the s and was found to contain evidence of major wooden structures and a large quantity of high-status metalwork and jewellery.
Ewenny pottery cat dated with mottled green glaze, signed on base, h. from Pook & Pook, Inc.
Medieval Coin finds from Glamorgan Coins from the medieval period are fairly common finds for us at Hidden Glamorgan and are also common finds for other metal detector enthusiasts too, as when one searches the fields around South Wales one invariably finds coins and other casual losses from the medieval period. These coins are of course a source of curiosity as their intrinsic value alone is enough to provoke interest, but do they have the capacity to elicit any new information about the time in which they were lost?
Useful though coin evidence is, coin finds on most archaeological excavations however are usually quite scarce; Cosmeston as we have seen could boast a single medieval coin find. Excavations at Old Barry Village were also possessed of a single coin find. Metal detected coin finds in comparison differ enormously as coins from the medieval period are common finds and are often found in proliferation, and thus comprise a totally new resource, but what information can be elicited from these finds?
This article is not concerned with the numismatist side of medieval coins, although some information on this aspect will be given, but to simply use coin finds to help us further elucidate the general social and economic trends that occurred in medieval Glamorgan and to place the many coins we find into some sort of context. Coin use in Wales however began later than in England, as prior to the extended use of a monetary economy most people living in Wales would probably have used a bartering system.
The advent of the Norman Invasion and subsequent establishment of the manorial system and the nucleated village in the late 11th-early 12th Century saw the beginnings of a monetary economy in Glamorgan, but coin finds from this period are very scarce which implies that not only was the population of Glamorgan at this period tiny, but also that only the elite had access to coinage during the early years of Glamorgan’s existence.
A small hoard of Henry I pennies excavated at Llantrithyd during at the site of an early manorial complex erected soon after the initial conquest of Glamorgan is of interest showing early use of a monitory economy among the Anglo-Norman ruling class. It is from the late 12th-early 13th Centuries that we as metal detector users begin to find medieval coins in any number, and although coins from this period are not particularly common, we do find enough of them to suggest that during this period there began a rise in the population of Glamorgan and an extended use of a monetary economy which gradually replaced barter as the main form of transaction.
An assemblage of seventeen coins found and responsibly reported to the PAS during the unfortunate destruction of White Farm in Merthyr Dyfan provides us with a medium with which to not only help us further understand the idiosyncrasies of this particular settlement, but to also help show trends in coin use in the wider context of Glamorgan. The spatial distribution seems to have been restricted to one small area contiguous to the church, and probably represents the site of one of the many fairs that were held in the village of Merthyr Dyfan throughout the medieval period.
Most of the coin finds are represented by penny and half-penny denominations with the earliest coin in the assemblage being a half-penny coin of King Stephen which was minted around the middle of the Twelfth Century; it is unlikely this coin was lost during the time it was minted however due to its worn condition. It is very likely that it was the medieval serf who was responsible for dropping the majority of the small denomination coins we find in the fields as it was they who comprised the vast majority of the population living in Glamorgan during the medieval period.
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Liaison was undertaken with the following: Results The text below lays out results from each individual method employed with some cross referencing between methods. Sprackling makes the following proposition based on the entry in the Oxford Dictionary of English Place Names.
Ewenny Pottery is situated on the outskirts of the village Ewenny, near the town of Bridgend, South Wales. Records show there have been fifteen potteries in the Ewenny area at one time or another, all having been small family concerns, this was due to the materials being readily available, local red clay formed the pots, glaze materials to finish the wares, stone to build the kilns and coal to fire the pots.
Tall, conical design, with incised geometric pattern and groovy square shaped handle. Dating from , this piece is referred to as the ‘chestnut vase’. Designed by Ingrid Atterberg. In good vintage condition. No damage to report. Lovely decorative ornament or practical modernist display item.